Pipelines are used to transport fluids (gas, liquids, pumpable solids). The pipelines are composed of different components (pipes, pipe fittings, expansion joints, valves, seals, connecting elements such as flanges, bolted joints, sleeves and fastening elements for pipe support).
The dimensions of the pipelines can range from a few centimeters to several meters in diameter and, in the case of a pipeline, extend over a length of several thousand kilometers.
The material of the pipeline is selected according to the static and dynamic loads (traffic loads, earth pressures, pressures from inside or outside), mechanical loads (flow velocities, bed load materials), corrosive loads as well as temperature of the medium and outside temperature.
Especially in the industrial sector, many pipelines are laid between tanks and company buildings. At the same time, however, it must be ensured that traffic routes are not blocked. In these cases, pipe bridges are often used to divert the pipelines, which must be designed for the corresponding load.
Depending on the temperature of the material to be transported or ambient temperature, the expansion of the material must also be taken into account in the design, as well as slippage in the mountings or other bearings.
Within the scope of dimensioning of industry construction, the following services can be offered:
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